Government

US issues new rules for university germ research - WHDH-TV

AP Medical Writer

WASHINGTON (AP) - The Obama administration is tightening oversight of high-stakes scientific research involving dangerous germs that could raise biosecurity concerns, imposing new safety rules on universities and other institutions where such work is done.

Wednesday's move follows controversy over creation of a more easily transmitted form of bird flu, research aimed at learning how the virus could mutate to threaten people but that sparked fierce debate over whether it also might aid would-be bioterrorists.

The new rules require many scientists and their employers do more to alert the government about research that may raise those concerns .But it doesn't settle the bigger question of whether certain kinds of studies should be done at all.

"This is an active area of consideration right now within the U.S. government. We ask that you stay tuned," said Amy Patterson, associate director of biosecurity policy at the National Institutes of Health.

Concern at proposed Aran fish farm plan – Irish Examiner

The state agency in charge of the country’s rivers has called on the Department of Agriculture to consider a study which concluded fish farming has a “general negative effect” on sea trout stocks, when deciding to grant permission to a planned 1,000-acre fish farm off the Aran Islands.

The Norwegian research concluded that fish farming generates increased numbers of sea lice, a naturally-occurring parasite that feed off salmon and sea trout, and this increase can lead to potentially 12-44% fewer salmon spawning in areas where there is intensive salmon farming. It also said intensive fish farming can lead to falling sea trout stocks and reduced growth in surviving sea trout stocks….

ODA in Myanmar: Foot-and-mouth Disease Lab Opens in Myanmar | BusinessKorea

The Korean International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) opened a foot-and-mouth disease diagnosis lab in Naypyidaw, the capital city of Myanmar, on Sept. 22 (local time).

At present, it is estimated that there are approximately 17 million heads of cattle and buffalo in Myanmar. The animals are so essential for the agriculture of the country that the locals call them rice bowls. However, foot-and-mouth disease has continued to kill them, while threatening even the health of the people.

Under the circumstances, the government of Myanmar asked the Korean government to provide advanced diagnostic equipment and techniques three years ago. The Korean government answered to the request by investing US$3 million via the aid agency and sharing its knowledge of how it became a country free from the disease in 2002.

Ga.'s oyster season opens Oct. 1 | Savannahnow.com Mobile

Fire up those roasting pits.

Georgia waters will reopen to commercial and recreational oyster harvest at 7 a.m. Oct. 1.

That old saw about only eating oysters in months with an “r” doesn’t exactly apply to the Peach State, said Dominic Guadagnoli, shellfish fishery manager for the Coastal Resources Division.

Instead, oyster harvest in state waters is typically prohibited from June 1 through Sept. 30 to guard against Vibrio parahaemolyticus, a naturally occurring bacteria found in higher concentrations in oysters when the water is warm.

“As water temperatures begin to drop in October, the (bacteria) levels will decline and the risk lessens,” he said. “Traditionally, most consumers purchase live oysters during the cooler months so commercial shellfish harvesters are fully supportive of this seasonal closure.”

Last year, about a dozen commercial leaseholders in Georgia landed 24,116 pounds of out-of-shell oyster meat valued at $115,189, making it an average year, Guadagnoli said.

Fish-killing parasite spreads further up Klamath River - Redwood Times

Karuk biologists have found the fish-killing parasite that devastated salmon populations on the lower Klamath river in 2002 is now also on the mid-Klamath river, which has no large reservoir for emergency water releases.

All 20 salmon sampled on the middle Klamath last Wednesday, Sept. 17 tested positive for the parasite, and 17 of them were severe cases, said Craig Tucker, Klamath coordinator with the Karuk tribe.

These tests were done after chinook salmon on the lower Klamath tested positive for the Ichthyophthirius multifiliis parasite, known as ich, over the weekend.

"On the lower Klamath you have the flexibility to call on water from Trinity Dam. We really don't have that on the Klamath side," Tucker said.

The U.S. Bureau of Reclamation released emergency flows to the Trinity and lower Klamath rivers on Tuesday after ich was found on the lower Klamath to prevent further spread of the disease and the possibility of a fish-kill.

Nearly 70,000 fish were killed by rapidly spreading ich in 2002, Tucker said.

Sea lice proved to be detrimental to wild salmon and sea trout - FIS

Salmon affected by sea lice. (Photo: Stock File)

Sea lice proved to be detrimental to wild salmon and sea trout

Wednesday, September 24, 2014, 03:10 (GMT + 9)

The Chairman and Board of Inland Fisheries Ireland (IFI), the state agency responsible for the protection, management and conservation of Ireland's inland fisheries and sea angling resources, have welcomed the recent release of a definitive review of over 300 scientific publications on the effects sea lice can have on sea trout stocks.

A team of top international scientists from Norway, Scotland and Ireland reviewed all available published studies on the effects of sea lice and have now concluded that sea lice have negatively impacted wild sea trout stocks in salmon farming areas in Ireland, Scotland and Norway.

Klamath salmon back in droves - Redwood Times

Though nothing is official, it sure looks like the number of adult salmon returning to the Klamath River should easily exceed the preseason predictions.

How high the returns will go is anyone's guess, but as of this week, the fish continue to pour in through the mouth in pretty big numbers. Extra water releases from Lewiston Dam have been a contributing factor to the health of the large run, fending off a repeat of the 2002 fish kill.

So why such a big return this year when only 92,800 were predicted to come back?

According to Sara Borok, an Environmental Scientist on the Klamath River, we're still riding the coattails of 2010 and 2011 when we last had an abundance of rain in the spring.

"The spring rains are vital to the survival rate of the juvenile salmon, and those two years were exceptional. I think the returns we're seeing now are the result of that," Borok said. "Our ocean conditions have also been good, which also plays a key role. So far this year, we've seen a large number of 'jack' or 2-year-old salmon return, which is most likely the result of the large return of adults back in 2012, when 291,877 made their way back upriver. A strong showing of jacks is also a good indicator that next year's run could be strong, too."

Radio-tagging sheep will spell the death of the old ways, say French farmers - The Guardian

When it comes to protest, French farmers are hardly known for their reticence. Nothing draws them out into the streets – or, as recently, its art galleries – quite like a good European Union agricultural policy dispute. But a demonstration held in May by around 50 sheep farmers outside the Tribunal Administratif (which hears civil disputes) in Grenoble, in the south-east, hinged on a relatively new EU gripe: the rules around microchipping livestock.

Etienne Mabille and Irène Bordel, both in their 50s and well tanned by years on the mountain pasture, raise 57 ewes organically at Mévouillon, in nearby Drôme. In April 2012 their farm was inspected. All their animals were tagged and the stock book was up to date. But the couple refused to duplicate the identification system with a second tag containing a computer chip. The inspectors reported this as an “anomaly”. The following August the regional authorities told them they would no longer qualify for EU subsidies and must pay a heavy fine. This was a severe blow for the small farm so they went to court. The farmers won the first round, but the case is still open.

About 23000 fish killed in Blackwater mistake - Charleston Gazette

DAVIS, W.Va. — An estimated 23,000 fish were killed when an automated pollution control system dumped too much hydrated lime into the Blackwater River in Tucker county, state officials said Friday.

“It is a lot of fish,” said Bret Preston, fisheries chief with the state Division of Natural Resources. “It would be in the moderate to severe range.”

Preston said DNR officials are still investigating exactly what went wrong with the automated system that controls the liming station, which is just upstream from Davis and is used to reduce acid pollution in the river.

According to Preston, DNR officials set up four sampling stations on a nearly two-mile stretch of the river down to Blackwater Falls. They found 1,917 dead fish, mostly minnows and darters, but also several trout and smallmouth bass. “That’s not uncommon, to have most of those killed be small, nongame fish,” Preston said.

Using common expansion factors, DNR officials estimated that their sample indicated about 23,000 fish in all were killed.

Research Report on China Swine Fever Vaccine Industry, 2014-2018 22858 Now Available at LifeScienceIndustryResearch.com

China is the world’s largest producer and consumer of pork with the output volume accounting nearly 50% of the total. The output volume of pork was 54.93 million tons in China in 2013, up by 2.8% YOY. The livestock volume of pigs was 474.11 million, down by 0.4% YOY while the stock volume of fattened pigs was 715.57 million, up by 2.5% YOY.

Swine fever is considered a highly infectious disease that needs strict prevention, control and extermination. The swine fever vaccine is one of the necessary vaccines for pigs. Due to the mature technology of swine fever vaccines in China, most largescale pig farms choose domestic vaccines instead of imported vaccines. There are 48 manufacturers of spleen neisseria vaccines and cell vaccines in China, including 32 for the former and 41 for the latter. Passaging cell vaccines used to be produced by Guangdong Winsun Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Through technology transfer, Dahuanong and Liaoning Yikang Biology Co.,Ltd. began to produce the products while Guangdong Winsun still leads in the industry.

According to the National Compulsory Immunization Plan of Animal Epidemic Diseases in China in 2013 issued by the Ministry of Agriculture of China, China implements compulsory immunity on four animal epidemic diseases including swine fever while the expenses on the vaccines are undertaken by the government.

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