TOKYO, Japan (March 6, 2014) - Daiichi Sankyo Company, Limited (hereafter, Daiichi Sankyo) announced in August 2011 that the group company Kitasato Daiichi Sankyo Vaccine Company, Limited (hereafter, Kitasato Daiichi Sankyo Vaccine) was selected for the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare's cell culture vaccine production facility capacity building grant, which is a part of the Ministry's second initiative for H5N1 vaccine development and production capacity building. Kitasato Daiichi Sankyo Vaccine has been preparing to build a system to supply vaccines by the end of March 2014.
Java could lose up to six million tons of rice in 2014, unless something is done immediately to regulate and reduce pesticide use.
Brown planthopper populations have exploded due to the overuse of insecticides that destroy the planthopper’s natural enemies. This is a serious threat to Java’s rice production for 2014.
On Jan. 13, the Department of Plant Protection at the prestigious Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) issued a press release to call attention to this threat, which was identified by intensive field research in Java’s 2013 cropping season — a litany of Java’s main rice- producing areas particularly in East and Central Java were affected.
But Ian Lyall from the Department of Primary Industries says the situation has improved since mid-January, with only one farm in the region reporting deaths.
"Environmental conditions have calmed down, it's a lot cooler than it was coming out of that summer period with the very big tides that were in action at the time," he said.
But scientists still cannot determine a cause for the mortalities.
Mr Lyall says a so-called transmission trial has begun.
"A transmission trial is taking material from a dying oyster, or an oyster that has succumb to this event, and introducing it to a very healthy oyster from another estuary," he said.
"So over a period of six weeks we'll study those oysters, and we'll try and pick up whether they succumb to any agent."
Mr Lyall says plans are afoot to get employment for affected Port Stephens oyster farmers.
"We're looking at trying to clean up 18 leases so contracts, have gone out for oyster farmers to make application to clean up those leases and bring them back to vacant clean land."
ROGUE foreign puppy farmers are putting Britain at risk of a deadly rabies plague by exploiting Britain’s weak border controls.
By: Stuart Winter
Published: Sun, March 9, 2014
Huge numbers of young dogs from Eastern Europe are being smuggled into the country with false paperwork and without being vaccinated against one of the most virulent diseases known to mankind.
Since animal import laws were relaxed in 2012, there has been a huge spike in the number of dogs coming into the country, with a 1,150 per cent increase from Romania and 507 per cent rise from Lithuania.
Britain has been rabies free since 1902 but relaxed quarantine rules and greater demand for cheap puppies is threatening to see the disease slipping into the country under the cover of bogus paperwork.
Last night the RSPCA called on the Government to tighten up dock-side controls, warning that the only barrier from stopping an infected animal entering the country and causing a disaster are inexperienced port workers.
The animal welfare organisation has published a detailed report called “Pushing at an open door – how the present UK controls on rabies are failing” and calls for spot checks at Dover and Holyhead to target dogs coming in from Ireland and other European countries.
It also wants more proactive work in Lithuania, Hungary, Poland and Romania to cut down on the fraudulent use of pet passport certificates that are used to ship commercially bred puppies illegally into the UK and which are then sold for hundreds of pounds online.
RSPCA investigations into the puppy trade show that since rules were relaxed, the number of dogs coming into the UK have doubled. In 2011, around 27,000 dogs came in from the EU but last year it rose to 53,911. The Society has also seen a 21 per cent increase in the number of calls it is receiving about puppy farms and trafficking.
RSPCA Chief Veterinary Officer James Yeates warns: “If we want to protect the rabies free status of our country, the Government needs to take very seriously the number of dogs being fraudulently smuggled in as pets from the continent and then sold commercially on the internet.
“At present, controls are in the hands of the Tunnel and ferry companies. The decreased controls place an unfair burden on the ports.
“Our rabies free status should not be left to a person working at a ferry company who is not experienced in what to look for as the Government’s own figures clearly show this is not working. Swindon Borough Council successfully prosecuted a dealer who imported up to 30 puppies from the Czech Republic
“The huge rise in dogs being imported as pets since controls were relaxed shows how puppy dealers are evading controls and selling on dogs which can often be sick to unsuspecting buyers.”
Shadow Environment Minister Huw Irranca-Davies MP also called for the Government to close loopholes putting the country at threat from rabies.
He said: “It is deeply concerning to see under this Government such a rapid increase in the number of dogs being imported to UK as pets from countries where rabies has been reported, where the health and condition of the dogs is unknown, often having not been properly micro-chipped or vaccinated.
“The Government must do more to clampdown on the illegal trade of dogs purchased abroad without the appropriate documentation and to ensure that ferry operators do not inadvertently become tools of an illegal and dangerous trade.”
As an island, Britain has had a natural marine barrier against rabies, a disease that has slowly been edging westwards across Europe over the past few decades and is regarded as “high risk” in many of the former Iron Curtain states.
Over the past century there have been 26 deaths in the UK from the disease, the vast majority coming from infections caught overseas. There were two deaths in 2001 from infections contracted in Nigeria and Philippines and another victim died four years later after being bitten by a dog in Goa. In 2009, a woman died in Belfast after being infected by a dog scratch in South Africa.
Britain’s membership of the EU has seen a relaxing of the one-time strict dog movement rules with quarantine being phased out completely for pets coming into the country for non-commercial reasons in 2012.
The Pet Travel Travel Scheme (PETS) was introduced to make it easier for owners to travel with their animals overseas but the regulations were not meant for the mass movement of commercial animals.
Yet in its report, the RSPCA warns: “Many more dogs are being imported than envisaged from central and eastern Europe, suggesting that PETS is being used as a cover to import dogs and puppies for commercial sale; veterinary controls to ensure dogs comply with the age and vaccination controls are being flouted; instances of dogs and puppies being imported illegally are increasing.”Related articles
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The RSPCA has collated numerous cases to highlight the level of regulations being exploited and, this year alone, discovered:
In January, Hampshire Trading Standards seized and quarantined nine German Shepherd puppies from one puppy dealer who had imported them from Bulgaria.
The same month, two Pug puppies were seized and quarantined by Hampshire Trading Standards after being illegally imported from Lithuania.
In February, Swindon Borough Council successfully prosecuted a dealer who imported up to 30 puppies, mostly Dachshunds from Czech Republic. Although some of these dogs had pet passports and were micro-chipped, they had not been vaccinated against rabies and were being sold as British puppies. The dealer was fined and sentenced to 200 hours community work. The dogs were put into quarantine.
Again last month, a Shih Tzu illegally imported had to be destroyed in Keighley after it had been sold over the internet and was only found to be illegally imported when it was taken to the vets.
In another case last month, six Pug puppies were seized by East Riding animal welfare officers that had been illegally imported under the rules for pets.
By rights, any animal entering the UK should be micro-chipped, vaccinated against rabies and be clearly identified on a pet passport, to comply with PETS.
The RSPCA’s head of public affairs, David Bowles, warned: “Puppy traders are evading controls by not doing this and the huge numbers of dogs being imported show the system is being abused. These dogs cannot all be personal pets as most human migration from countries in the east of Europe happened in 2004 and 2005.
“Although PETS exists to make it easier for people to travel abroad with their dogs, puppy dealers have taken advantage of these loopholes by bringing in many popular breeds including French Bulldogs and Pugs from puppy farms in central Europe, saying they are personal pets and selling them online to unsuspecting buyers who are often left with large veterinary bills when the puppies become ill.”
A spokeswoman for the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, which has responsibility for animal welfare issues, said: “The risk of a dog with rabies coming into the UK remains very low and we carry out the same stringent checks on dogs coming in to the country as ever.
“The increase in attempts to bring dogs into the country illegally is being driven by the high demand for cheap puppies.
“We would urge anyone looking to buy a puppy to ensure it comes from a reputable supplier and ask to see the puppy interact with its mother.”
State officials and fishermen came together last week at the Wareham Free Library to discuss plans to control a bacterial pathogen found in shellfish.
SPARKS, Nev. (AP) - Nevada Department of Wildlife officials still have hope this spring of restocking trout in the Sparks Marina where an estimated 100,000 fish were killed due to a sudden drop in oxygen levels.
Officials say if the levels of dissolved oxygen continue to improve at the current rate, they could restock the urban lake next month.
The latest samples taken Feb. 27 showed healthy oxygen levels ranging from depths of 2 feet to 50 feet.
Sparks City engineer John Martini told the Reno Gazette-Journal that suggests the lake likely can again support the fish that made it such a popular fishing spot before the December die-off caused by unusually cold weather.
NDOW spokesman Chris Healy says they could begin restocking about 26,000 rainbow trout as soon as early April.
Copyright 2014 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.
The discovery of Toxoplasma gondii in the marine mammals has led researchers to issue a public health warning to Inuit populations who eat beluga whalemeat in dried strips and stews.
Though cooking the meat destroys the parasite, the infection could be spread when people prepare meals and fail to wash their hands afterwards.
Toxoplasma is one of the most successful pathogens on Earth. The bug infects an estimated third of the world population. In the UK, the Food Standards Agency estimates 350,000 people become infected each year.
The infection is harmless in most cases, but 10% of people develop flu symptoms or more serious eye problems that can lead to blindness. The infection has also been linked to schizophrenia and other bipolar disorders.
Pregnant women are particularly at risk, as the parasite can affect heart and brain development in foetuses, and trigger miscarriages and stillbirths.
SEOUL, March 4 (Yonhap) -- North Korea kept silent on South Korea's offer to provide assistance to contain foot-and-mouth disease in the North for an eight straight day Tuesday, an official said.
The official of the unification ministry said it remains to be seen whether the North will respond to Seoul's offer in the coming days.
In 2007, the North responded to South Korea about a week after Seoul offered to provide assistance to contain the disease, he said.
The North's move marked a clear contrast from its official request for help from the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) to help contain the highly contagious animal disease.
Last month, the North told the Paris-based World Organization for Animal Health that the animal disease had broken out at a pig farm in a suburb of its capital, Pyongyang, on Jan. 8.
The North's state media reported last month that the country had killed 2,900 pigs as a preventive measure to stop the spread of the disease and buried about 360 others that had died from the disease.
World Health Organization confirmed that the world has benefited from the experiences of Saudi Arabia lessons enormous; given its efforts to protect the health of its people and the global community its scope wide of the threats posed by disease Coruna new, expressing sincere appreciation for the contribution of the immense provided by the Kingdom to expand scientific knowledge and enhance understanding of public health about the possible source of this new virus, and the risk factors associated with it. This came during a speech Regional Director for the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region Dr Ala Din Alwan during the consultative meeting to determine a plan of public health research on coronavirus that causes AIDS Middle East respiratory (Corona), which began in Riyadh on Sunday and hosted by the Ministry of Health for two days. He added. Ala Alwan that in spite of the fact that we have not seen any evidence of transmission of the disease from one person to another disease caused by a virus (Corona), but we would like to re-emphasize that the threat of the virus to the health of the world has spread to become a reality, adding that we are not sure of the source of the disease, pointing out that more than three-quarters of the total confirmed human cases infected with the disease and the amount of the WHO did not have a history of direct contact with camels or any other type of animal, alluding to the importance of the work of extensive studies and policies to reduce the transmission of the disease that leads to prevent transmission of the virus from its animal source to humans, and later from one person to another, hello to all the participants at the consultative meeting to determine the agenda of the research on the virus (Corona). He also thanked the Minister of Health Dr. Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al-Rabiah to host this meeting, where he said: "It is my pleasure to host the Kingdom of this important meeting, and that the world learned of the Kingdom a great deal to protect its citizens and the global community as a whole from the threats of this new disease. I would also like to express my thanks for the kingdom to contribute effectively provided by the world to expand the scientific knowledge of the world and the concept of public health on the likely source, and the mode of transmission and risk factors, and attributes and manifestations of infection with this virus, which put the world on high alert since Bzogh in 2012. I can't find anything on WHO's Eastern Mediterranean Office website on this event, but the KSA MOH evidently sees it as an opportunity to tell its public that everything is fine. The line about expanding world scientific knowledge about MERS is especially rich, given the Saudis' near-total reticence about its cases.
The Salmon & Trout Association (Scotland) has called on Ministers to show leadership with decisive action in Wester Ross where lice numbers have been consistently over thresholds for a full year.
The latest aggregated sea lice data, published by the Scottish Salmon Producers Organisation (SSPO), shows that in the fourth quarter of 2013 sea lice numbers on farmed salmon were massively out of control in a number of areas.
The latest SSPO quarterly sea lice report (for October to December) reveals that average lice numbers were over thresholds in 13 out of 30 areas for which data is reported by the industry.
Particular hotspots yet again included ‘Kennart to Gruinard’ in Wester Ross where there are seven farms operated by two companies, Wester Ross Fisheries Limited and Scottish Sea Farms Limited. The monthly lice count on farms in this area was between five and ten times the threshold between October and December last year. Lice have been over the threshold in this area for an entire year now, despite three area-wide treatments and a staggering 25 other treatments for lice.