Industry

Italy: New wooden crates for herbs

L'Ortofrutticola, the biggest cooperative in Liguria specialising in flowers, herbs and vegetables (Spinoso artichokes, beefsteak tomatoes, Trombetta courgettes and Violetto asparagus), presented its brand new packaging for herbs.

"The new packaging system was developed for those clients who did not have customised packaging or those who were unsatisfied with the current formats." The new system is rather simple: it is a wooden crate that can hold twelve grade 14 vases. It can also be used for organic produce, as the wood is not treated.

The crates are probably also proving popular because they are modular, so there are numerous possibilities for the 650 members.

"Let's consider for example wholesalers in Verona, Turin or Milan, who may need small quantities of different herbs. In this case, small crates with few vases of different varieties is ideal. Or think about purchase groups, who want different mixes."

The solution is also perfect for shipments abroad. "We need to consider return costs, and there are none with wooden crates, because they can be recycled or disposed of very easily."

Lobster boom in Bay of Fundy puzzles scientists - CBC.ca

The Bay of Fundy's lobster population continues to grow, but experts can't figure out why.

Lobster represents Canada's most valuable fishery and boats in the Bay of Fundy are bringing in record harvests, year after year.

Julien Gaudette, a biologist for Fisheries and Oceans, studies lobster reproduction to safeguard the fishery's health.

"Since 1995, it's been an almost exponential increase," he said.

A June 2013 report from Fisheries and Oceans says the previous five seasons in the Bay of Fundy each created a new record.

Gaudette says more research is needed to determine what's happening.

"Right now we don't really understand entirely why there have been such high landings. There are a couple of hypothesis we can use to try and explain."

Gaudette says environmental changes in the Bay of Fundy, like warm water temperatures, could be part of the reason. Also, cod and sculpin populations are down, and those are among the fish that eat young lobster.

Virulent bacteria affecting oysters found to be a case of mistaken identity - Phys.Org

The bacteria that helped cause the near-ruin of two large oyster hatcheries in the Pacific Northwest have been mistakenly identified for years, researchers say in a recent report.

In addition, the study shows that the bacteria now believed to have participated in that problem are even more widespread and deadly than the previous suspect.

Although the hatchery industry has largely recovered, primarily by better control of ocean water acidity that was also part of the problem, the bacterial pathogens remain a significant concern for wild oysters along the coast, researchers said.

For many years, it had been believed that the primary bacteria causing oyster larval death in the Pacific Northwest was Vibrio tubiashii. Now, scientists say that most, or possibly all of the bacterial problem was caused by a different pathogen, Vibrio coralliilyticus, a close cousin that's now known to be even more virulent to Pacific oysters.

The red spot threatens Peru's organic bananas

The use of pesticides or other chemicals is prohibited in organic farming. Thus, organic farmers must cope with their crops' eventualities naturally, only with the resources of the earth.

Organic bananas are being affected by the red spot thrip, a plague that has already affected crops in the north of Peru and in Ecuador.

Thrips are insects that feed on vegetables, fruits, and cereals, among other things. After feeding on the plants, these insects leave white spots, surrounded by their droppings that look like black spots. In the past four years, organic banana plantations have begun to be affected by the attack of the thrips, which damage the quality of the fruit by staining the pericarp or fruit's rind with a reddish-brown colour that, in severe cases, can crack the fruit. In this regard, the deputy of Sullana's Productive Management said: "The red spot produces a stain on the fruit's skin. While it's true its presentation is damaged, this does not change the fruit's palatability or quality protein, but the change in appearance makes it less attractive for the export market. "

Antibiotics in Aquaculture – Are They Needed? - TheFishSite.com

GLOBAL - The miracle drugs of the 20th century are in danger of running out of power. Antibiotic use in both humans and animals is contributing to a reservoir of resistant bacteria resulting in increased human mortality and increased hospital stay lengths globally, writes Øistein Thorsen.

The World Health Organization (WHO) warns the misuse of antimicrobial medicines and new resistance mechanisms are “making the latest generation of antibiotics virtually ineffective”, while at the 2013 G8 Summit, scientific ministers issued a statement calling antimicrobial resistance (AMR) “a major health security challenge of the twenty first century.”

Antibiotic use is an integral part of intensive animal agriculture and aquaculture. Increased public concern about antibiotic resistance and the need to preserve the ever-diminishing arsenal of antimicrobials that work in humans for as long as possible, has brought about increased scrutiny of the use of antibiotics in animal agriculture – especially for prophylactic and growth enhancing purposes.

India: Decline in citrus fruit production causes concern

India: Decline in citrus fruit production causes concern

A widespread decline in the production of citrus fruits in several Arunachal Pradesh districts has caused alarm among orange farmers in the state as well as in the Horticulture Department.

Lohit and Lower Dibang Valley, the two major orange producing districts, are particularly affected by the phenomenon as many farmers had to abandon hundreds of hectares of orange orchards.

According to a survey conducted by the Arunachal Pradesh Horticulture Research and Development Mission (APHRDM) from October 26 to October 31, Wakro in Lohit district, known as the orange bowl of the state, and Roing and Korunu circles in Lower Dibang Valley district are the worst affected.

APHRDM mission director Egam Basar, who studied the problem, said that there was an urgent need to address the problem, caused by a host of diseases, before it spread to other districts.

Mexico: Experts Discuss how to eradicate FMD

GUADALAJARA, Jalisco (OEM-INFORMEX) .- This week, Guadalajara will host the XXII Conference of the Regional Commission of the World Organisation for Animal Health, where the main challenge is that in Latin eradicate FMD, a disease livestock and causes economic losses to producers.

During the celebration of the global meeting, reported an outbreak of FMD in Paraguay left losses billion, which pushed for vaccination of livestock to prevent further involvement.

"The global control of animal diseases is impossible without good governance of national veterinary services, including appropriate legislation, in line to apply correctly human and financial resources, good programs for veterinary education and public-private partnerships," he said in his speech Bernard Vallat, director of the World Organisation for Animal Health.

Bird flu outbreak reported on British duck farm - Yahoo News

London (AFP) - A duck breeding farm in northern England was closed off on Monday after an outbreak of bird flu, although officials said the risk to public health was "very low".

The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) said it might be linked to outbreaks in the Netherlands and Germany, but said it had yet to identify the strain, although the deadly H5N1 had been ruled out.

An estimated 6,000 ducks on the farm will be culled and a 10-kilometre (six-mile) restriction zone has been put around the site near Driffield in Yorkshire.

"We have confirmed a case of avian flu on a duck breeding farm in Yorkshire. The public health risk is very low and there is no risk to the food chain," a Defra statement said.

Any movement of poultry or products in or out of the protection zone is prohibited.

"Obviously we are asking farmers to be doubly vigilant in their biosecurity and look for any potential signs of disease in their flock," a spokesman added.

Dutch to cull 150000 chickens after detection of bird flu - Deutsche Welle

The Netherlands' Ministry for Economic Affairs said on Sunday that while testing was still being conducted to determine the exact strain, it was already clear that this was a form of the virus that could pose a danger to people.

"This highly pathogenic variant of avian influenza is very dangerous for bird life," a government statement said. "The disease can be transmitted from animals to humans."

The virus was first detected at a poultry farm in the village of Hekendorp, 65 kilometers (40 miles) south of Amsterdam late on Saturday. The authorities said they were in the process of slaughtering all 150,000 birds at the farm. It wasn't immediately clear how birds at the farm had become infected.

The government has also imposed a 72-hour ban on the transport of all poultry products including eggs, manure and used straw to and from all poultry farms in the country.

According to the Reuters news agency, around 10,000 chickens were put down in March after bird flu was detected at a farm in eastern Holland.

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