Tracked and traced – end-to-end supply chain visibility

Track-and-trace solutions are top of the agenda for pharmaceutical manufacturers, following the passing of the Drug Quality and Security Act in the US. Todd Applebaum, VP of healthcare and life sciences research at Gartner, tells World Pharmaceutical Frontiers what new traceability regulations will mean for the global pharmaceutical supply chain, and explains why end-to-end visibility is so crucial.

Abstract | Phylogenetic analysis of newly isolated grass carp reovirus

Grass carp reovirus (GCRV) is a causative agent of haemorrhagic disease in grass carp that drastically affects grass carp aquaculture. Here we report a novel GCRV isolate isolated from sick grass carp that induces obvious cytopathic effect in CIK cells and name it as GCRV096. A large number of GCRV 096 viral particles were found in the infected CIK cells by electron microscope. The shape, size and the arrangement of this virus were similar to those of grass carp reovirus. With the primers designed according to GCRV 873 genome sequences, specific bands were amplified from sick grass carp and the infected CIK cells. The homology rates among vp4, vp6 and vp7 gene in GCRV 096 and those of some GCRV isolates were over 89%. In this study, the sequences of vp4, vp6 and vp7 were used to analyse sequence variation, phylogenetic relationships and genotypes in twenty five GCRV isolates. The results indicated these twenty five GCRV isolates should be attributed to four genotypes. And there were no obvious characteristics in the geographical distribution of GCRV genotype.

Spain demands stricter phytosanitary controls on imports

FEPEX asked the Spanish MEPs to support amendments 76-85 in the European Parliament, so that a so-called reverse strategy, that allows for stricter phytosanitary controls on imports, could be adopted. This would entail adopting similar policies to those enforced by the countries most involved in the production and marketing of fruit and vegetables, like the United States and Brazil.

The current phytosanitary control system is based on a "negative list"; i.e., a list of the plants that have been prohibited or that must be subject to inspections at the time of import. Vegetables that are not listed are imported without any controls. However, in recent years, several previously unknown pests have reached Europe, which shows that the current legislation is not sufficiently effective.

Scallop catch reduced - Marlborough Express

The total allowable catch for scallops in the top of the South Island is to be 520 tonnes, down from 827 tonnes.

The total allowable commercial catch has been dropped from 747 tonnes to 400 tonnes, with 40 tonnes each to customary, recreational and "other sources of fishing-related mortality."

Mr Guy said he was aware the fishery was at a low level, with the commercial catch coming from only the Marlborough Sounds.

"I consider that a reduced commercial catch limit of 400 tonnes takes into account the future enhancement potential of the fishery, while balancing the sustainability risk and utilisation opportunity. This is the first step in stimulating a rebuild of abundance in the fishery."

Mr Guy said some submissions supported a larger reduction, one of the options included in the ministry discussion paper, but he did not consider that was required.

Thousands more Norwegian farm salmon escape in latest incident -

More than 47,000 farm-raised salmon have escaped their cages in northern Norway, the fifth such escape in two months. Environmentalists are warning that the country’s growing aquaculture industry could destroy native wild salmon stocks.

According to an article in the Norway edition of The Local, this latest incident occurred in the Alfjorden, north of Stavanger, at a farm owned by Alsaker Fjordbruk, a leading aquaculture firm, with several farms spread out along the Norwegian coast. Farm-raised fish are Norway’s second-largest export.

The incident has drawn the ire of the Green Warriors of Norway, a major environmental group opposed to aquaculture.

According to their website, the Green Warriors oppose aquaculture because of “contaminants in the farm fish, over-exploitation of wild fish to produce fish food, organized animal abuse, sea lice that kill wild Atlantic Salmon strains, and the vast organic pollution of the beautiful Norwegian fjords.”


GM salmon moves closer to sale in Canada

Norwegian fish farm offers €60 reward for escaped salmon

World's farmed fish production now topping beef production

CSIRO scientists create world's first fish-free prawn food Novaq

ABC Rural Prawns have been found to grow up to 40 per cent faster on Novaq A team of CSIRO scientists has cracked the holy grail of aquaculture by developing the world's first fish-free prawn food.

The royalties from worldwide licensing deals for the Novaq product will earn the CSIRO tens of millions of dollars.

"The research cost about $10 million. We are very confident that this will generate a return on investment back to Australian taxpayers of many, many times the initial investment," CSIRO's Dr Nigel Preston said.

There is intense global interest in Novaq because it solves one of the farmed prawn industry's biggest problems - its reliance on wild fisheries as a core ingredient in prawn food.

But aquaculture has reached "peak fish", where demand for wild harvested fish meal now outstrips supply.

Without a solution, soaring world demand cannot be met.

"It is absolutely a critical issue for the global aquaculture industry. There's no more room to get more wild harvest fish, so we've got to find alternatives," Dr Preston said.

"A justifiable criticism about aquaculture is the continuation of catching wild fish, grinding them up and feeding to farm fish." 

Camanchaca trout mortality rates hit 12.3% in Q4 - Undercurrent News

While Camanchaca saw the health of its farmed salmon improve in the second half of 2013, the mortality rates of its farmed trout soared in the fourth quarter of the year.

In its annual report, the Chilean producer said it would temporarily suspend trout farming due to struggles to contain Piscirickettsia salmonis (SRS). Rival Blumar has made a similar announcement. 

The disease has seen mortality rates for trout spiral to 12.3% in the fourth quarter of the year, up from levels of 4.5%, 2.3% and 6.6% in the preceding quarters (see chart below).

The mortality rate had been as low as 1.2% at the end of 2011.

In closed containment farms, the mortality rate is as high as 17.6%, said Camanchaca.

The development is in contrast to its salmon farms, which saw improved health in the second half of the year. The mortality rate for salmon was 1.6% by the end of last year, slightly down from a year ago, and more or less stable from the previous quarter.

The company harvested 33,478 metric tons of salmon in 2013, up 7.6% or 2,357t from the previous year.

In contrast, trout harvest was down by 37% or 2,861t to 4,827t.

Invermar manages to stop early harvest due to ISA outbreak - FIS

The Court of Appeals of Valparaiso accepted the request made by Invertec Pesquera Mar de Chiloe (Invermar) not to harvest fish from a farming centre infected with the infectious salmon anemia (ISA) virus.

The measure had been ordered by the National Fisheries and Aquaculture Service (Sernapesca), following the detection of diseased salmon in January in the farming centre Traiguén 1 of the Salmon Concessions Group (ACS) 9 A.

The salmon company decided to appeal that decision as soon as it was decreed, and the Court has now agreed on that.

Invermar commissioned new checks to another laboratory, which indicated the absence of ISA virus from most cages.

Thanks to the no innovation order set by the Court of Appeals, the company is managing to save fundamental biological assets to obtain higher incomes, Diario Financiero reported.

All in all, Invermar continues facing a difficult financial situation. Industry sources claim that the company could go into default, as the creditor banks would not be willing to grant new loans.

Food giants overtook organic business

Wal-Mart announced today it will increase its efforts to snap up more of the market for organic food, launching a line of products that will undercut the competition by 25%. In an industry long defined by its premium prices, the entry of a brutal cost competitor like Wal-Mart means interesting times ahead for organics.

From 1998 to 2012, the market for natural and organic foods grew from $6 billion to $48 billion, and became one where old-school conventional retailers the big supermarket chains are the largest players.


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