Industry

French state oysters spread sex disease | The Times

The juiciest oysters in France are cherished by gastronomes as an outstanding delicacy and by the laboratory that created them as a financial godsend.

However, they are at the centre of a fierce row amid claims that they are causing mass deaths in oyster beds.

Triploid oysters have three sets of chromosomes, rather than two, which means that they are sterile, at least in theory. They grow faster than wild oysters and can be eaten all year round.

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Danish Pig Industry Adapting to New Challenges - ThePigSite.com

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DENMARK - With the Danish pig industry focused almost entirely on exports, its strategies undoubtedly affect other countries, including the UK – the largest importer of Danish bacon.

For the first ten months of 2014, Denmark’s pork production decreased but both pork and live pig exports increased. The latter, in particular continues to present a challenge for parts of the Danish industry, while price, disease, environmental and animal welfare pressures are also prominent.

Improved breeding success, achieved by industry-wide initiatives and research investment, has kept Danish pig producers at the top of the EU productivity list, weaning 30 pigs per sow in 2013 for the first time. The cost of production is among the lowest in the EU, at €1.68 per kg in 2013.

As a result, Danish piglet production has increased steadily over the years. Yet ever increasing weaner exports are risking the future of finishers, abattoirs and processing stakeholders.

As a result, Danish piglet production has increased steadily over the years. Yet ever increasing weaner exports are risking the future of finishers, abattoirs and processing stakeholders.

Millions of birds killed in Taiwan to thwart bird flu - Washington Post

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- Officials in Taiwan have slaughtered more than 1.3 million birds in an attempt to halt the spread of various strains of bird flu that have swept across the island. ( )

- Officials in Taiwan have slaughtered more than 1.3 million birds in an attempt to halt the spread of various strains of bird flu that have swept across the island. ( )

Concern Over 'Incurable” Sheep Virus - TheSheepSite

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UK, SCOTLAND – A warning has been sent out advising farmers to check animals appearing to have lost condition this winter for untreatable viral disease Meadi Visna (MV).

Disease screening has found a “worrying number” of infections in the UK, suggesting the virus is spreading through the industry, says Scotland’s Rural College.

Out of 31 tested flocks, 23 per cent – seven farms – had the disease, which causes clinical signs of pneumonia. MV is difficult to diagnose and has no cure or vaccine.

“Farmers have started to heed our previous warnings about the disease,” said St Boswells based SRUC Veterinary investigation officer Lynn Gibson.

“Commercial flocks from throughout the UK have taken the opportunity to screen their animals using the MV diagnostic test package.”

From the Icelandic for ill-thrift, Maedi Visna is caused by a retrovirus, brought into the UK via imported animals and leads to poor body condition, fertility problems, increased mastitis; smaller and weaker lambs and higher mortality.

Equine healthcare market: Researchers investigate colic cures by inspecting horse gut bacteria

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Microsoft Windows users can hold the CTRL Key to select more than one sector or country at a time. Apple users can hold the CMD Key to do the same.

Researchers at SUI (Southern Illinois University) are looking into new ways to cure colic in horses, one of the most serious diseases in the global equine healthcare market. After old age, colic is the leading cause of death for adult horses. A report from 1998 estimated colic cost horse owners around $115 million per year. More recently, the University of California's The Horse Report has found that approximately 920,000 horses suffer from various stages of colic every year, 64,000 cases of which are life threatening.

One of the difficulties faced when treating colic is the difficulty of early diagnoses. Symptoms of colic in horses begin subtly, often becoming noticeable only once the disease has become fatally severe. The SUI researchers are currently addressing how cecal cannulation procedures can help improve our understanding on what causes colic, enabling future horse owners to prevent the disease rather than resort to treatment.

FEATURE-Road-kill deer get mulched as US states turn to composting - Reuters

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WINDSOR, Va. Jan 29 (Reuters) - For years, Jimmy White woke up worrying about road-kill.

An official with the Virginia highway system, White's responsibilities included ensuring that thousands of deer and other animals hit by cars were collected, a process that cost the state some $4.1 million per year.

But roadside burial is increasingly not an option because of underground cables, pipes and other infrastructure near highways, while landfills charge fees and a decline in the U.S. rendering industry has removed another disposal outlet. Dragging the carcasses into nearby bushes or dropping them into pits can pollute groundwater, said Jean Bonhotal, director of the Waste Management Institute at New York's Cornell University.

Today, White rests easier thanks to a new facility in the southeastern Virginia town of Windsor that takes some of the 10,000 to 15,000 animals, mostly whitetail deer, killed by cars each year, piles them under sawdust and turns the remains into landscaping material for roadsides.

New Jersey Hatcheries Adjust Stocking Plans to Fight Die-offs - OutdoorHub

The New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife will be stocking some 570,000 rainbow trout across state waters for the spring fishing season, yet anglers will notice something different about them this year. Due to a large die-off last year from bacterial infection, there will be no brown or brook trout stocked. Officials said they intend to abstain from stocking these species for at least several years, until a bacteria-resistant strains of brook and brown trout can be introduced.

“The trout going out from the Pequest Hatchery this spring will be completely healthy—and big,” said Division of Fish and Wildlife Director David Chanda. “The only difference is that we will be stocking solely rainbow trout, a much heartier, disease-resistant species which has not been exposed to the bacteria that causes furunculosis.”

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Illegal shrimp ponds destroyed in Bharuch - The Indian Express

The state government ran JCBs over the illegal shrimp farms in Aliya Bet area of Hansot taluka in the coastal district of Bharuch on Tuesday afternoon. It was said to be the root of the communal riot on January 14, that claimed three lives.

Following the government’s order, the Bharuch district administration pressed four machines into action burying four ponds by evening and seizing the shrimps.

On January 14, marking Makar Sankranti, clashes broke out in Ambheta and Hansot villages of Hansot taluka, apparently after a fight over kite catching, which ended in the killings of two Hindus and a Muslim. Five days after the deaths, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh owned up the two — Pratik Patel and Sandeep Patel — as their “active members”. The victim from the minority community was tempo driver, identified as Rafik Patel. Many houses, shops and religious places were torched by the mobs and sugarcane crop was set ablaze.

One of the accused named in one of the 10 FIRs lodged at Hansot police station was BJP MLA Ishwar Patel’s brother Vallabh Patel.

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Bird flu, FMD disease take toll on S. Korea's meat exports - The Korea Herald

Outbreaks of bird flu and foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) caused exports of poultry and fresh pork to drop sharply last year, government data showed Wednesday.

Cases of bird flu were reported early last year with the first FMD outbreaks being detected later on. The government even implemented "standstill measures" restricting the movement of animals and farmers earlier in the month to try to contain the spread.

According to data by Korea Agro-Fisheries & Food Trade Corporation and the farm ministry, exports of fresh duck meat nosedived 88.7 percent to 751.8 tons, with almost no processed duck meat being shipped abroad.

For chicken, exports stood at 17,445.6 tons, down 28.2 percent on-year, with processed products dipping 4.7 percent. Combined overseas shipment of chicken meat was down 26.2 percent, compared to 2013.

Official figures also showed export of fresh pork plunging 35.6 percent on-year, but the drop was offset by the 74.6 percent surge in processed products such as bacon and luncheon meats.

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Disease prevention in Shrimp | Nutriad | Feed Additives

Penaeid shrimp production is under continuous threat by bacterial and particularly viral infections which have caused disastrous collapses of the industry in all major shrimp producing countries.

Disease problems in shrimp production are complex and often still poorly understood. Regulations, consumer demands and sustainable management strategies restrict the number of drugs available to treat pathogens. Vaccines are likely to be ineffective in crustaceans, which lack a specific immune system similar to that of vertebrates.

Therefore, shrimp producers must consider the seed stock quality, husbandry procedures and healthy nutrition as the major tools to control disease. The current article reports on recent progress in the development of feed additives capable of reducing the impact of diseases on productivity and profitability in shrimp farming.

Diseases are number one threat

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