Florida Gov. requests $8.5M to fight citrus greening

Gov. Rick Scott, in his proposed budget for next fiscal year, matched the $8.5 million that Agriculture Commissioner Adam Putnam has requested to fight a disease causing massive problems in the citrus industry.

The $8.5 million, included in a budget proposal Scott released Monday, would go toward stopping the spread of citrus greening. State lawmakers will craft a final budget for the 2016-17 fiscal year during the legislative session that begins in January.

Putnam, who has said "Florida's citrus industry is in a fight for its life," is asking lawmakers for $8.5 million to help fight the deadly disease as part an $18.7 million request for the industry.

Before the 2015 legislative session, Putnam, who grew up in the citrus and cattle industry in Polk County, asked the Legislature for $18 million, which also was targeted for growing clean citrus stock and planting new trees where diseased trees had been removed. Lawmakers responded by giving him $8 million, which was an increase from the $4 million in 2014.

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Weevil control solution could save Pink Lady exporters $300k

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Successful trials in Western Australia of a new tool to eradicate an apple pest could result in significant savings for growers, both in existing and developing new export markets.

The eucalyptus weevil has cost WA Pink Lady exporters more than $300,000 annually in biosecurity controls, with cost reductions possible with a post-harvest application of the naturally-occurring fumigant ethyl formate, according to Manjimup orchardist and longtime Pink Lady exporter Harvey Giblett.

Ethyl formate could prove even more useful to local growers when scheduled future exports begin of WA s new ANAPB01 apple, due to be officially launched in the coming harvest, Mr Giblett said.

Introduced accidentally with the planting of blue gum tree crops in the South West, the eucalyptus weevil became a very costly pest to neighbouring Pink Lady apple growers. Many apple export destinations, including the UK, where there is a short export window for the Pink Lady, have a zero biosecurity tolerance for the native Australian weevil and reject any consignment showing evidence of the pest.

Oyster herpesvirus (OsHV-1 µvar) disease outbreak confirmed in Devon - Press releases - GOV.UK

Following a report from a shellfish farmer on Monday 26 October of unusual mortalities in farmed Pacific (rock) oyster spat (Crassostrea gigas) at a farm site in the River Teign in Devon, a Fish Health Inspector from the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas) visited the affected site in the Teign on Wednesday 28 October. Samples taken from the affected site were confirmed as positive for oyster herpesvirus (OsHV-1 µvar), and a new Containment Area Covering the tidal waters within the River Teign has been declared.

In accordance with Commission Regulation 175/2010, movements of shellfish out of the Containment Area covering the River Teign, have been restricted, following the confirmation of oyster herpes virus (OsHV-1 µvar).

Cefas acting on behalf of Defra has issued a Confirmed Designation prohibiting the movement of Pacific oysters from the containment area and applying the following additional control measures:

You must apply to the Fish Health Inspectorate for permission if you wish to move any

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New disease worries vannamei shrimp farmers - FIS

Vannamei white shrimp. (Photo: Stock File)

New disease worries vannamei shrimp farmers

After achieving a record production of shrimp, which allowed the value of seafood exports from India to grow by 14 per cent yoy in the nine months ending December 2014, the industry fears that the disease known as RMS (Running Mortality Syndrome) may affect the production of vanamei shrimp in the new fiscal year.

The main affected states are Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, in the southern east coast, which are the major producers of this variety of shrimp, and the top earners in the seafood export basket.

The Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) said it was early to assess the impact of the disease as farmers are seeding and filling the ponds, which will take some time.

Meanwhile, Anwar Hashim, managing director of Abad Exports, believes it is likely that the onset of the disease is due to the use of local broodstock, which is cheaper than the imported one.

"The farms mainly depend on imported vannamei broodstock, which is pathogen free," he told The Economic Times.

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Panama Disease TR4 caused by single clone, researchers find

November 24th, 2015

The same clone of the Fusarium fungus is infecting Cavendish bananas in several countries across the world, according to scientists at Wageningen University & Research (UR) centre.

They say this shows the Fusarium clone, also known as Panama Disease Tropical Race IV (TR4), is continuing to spread despite global quarantine measures.

Panama is caused by the Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense fungus, with the TR4 strain infecting many local banana varieties as well as the widely exported and highly susceptible Cavendish.

The soil-borne fungus enters the banana plant through the root and eventually kills the entire plant. Banana-growing plots infested with the fungus remain contaminated for many years.

Large areas of banana plantations in countries such as Jordan, Mozambique, China, the Philippines, Pakistan and Australia are no longer suitable for banana farming as they have become infested with TR4.

There are currently no means of combating the disease; only quarantine measures can prevent banana plantations from becoming infested.

DNA investigation

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Tilapia Farming in the Philippines by BFAR

1. This case study was prepared as part of an Asian Development Bank (ADB) special evaluation study on small-scale, freshwater, rural aquaculture development. The study used primary and secondary data and published information to document the human, social, natural, physical, and financial capital available to households involved in the production and consumption of freshwater farmed fish and to identify ways in which the poor can benefit.

The history, biophysical, socioeconomic, and institutional characteristics of Central Luzon are described, followed by accounts of the technology and management of tilapia farming, with detailed profiles of fish farmers and other beneficiaries. Transforming processes are then discussed with respect to markets, institutions, support services, policy and legal instruments, natural resources management, and environmental issues.

2. The following methods were used: (i) review of secondary documents; (ii) semi- structured interviews with key informants from government agencies, nongovernment organizations, academic personnel, small- and large-scale tilapia farmers, input suppliers, and traders; (iii) a survey of 248 households—124 adopters (tilapia farmers) and an equal number of nonadopters, i.e., small-scale rice farmers; and (iv) triangulation. Survey sites were selected using the following criteria: (i) existence of tilapia farming in ponds; (ii) being

representative of small-scale operations;

(iii) stable peace and order conditions that allow unhindered and authorized access; and (iv) inclusion of agroecological zones that typify irrigated and nonirrigated areas, to account for resource variations.

3. Presurvey activities covered site reconnaissance and rapid appraisal, pretesting and revision of the household survey instrument, preparation of the sampling frame, training of field enumerators, and a survey dry run and its feedback. The survey took place in Nueva Ecija and Pampanga provinces on 13 July–23 August 2003. The tilapia farmers were selected randomly from a list of tilapia farms in Central Luzon from the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR).

The nonadopters were drawn randomly from the most recent lists of rice farmers

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The first record of acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease in the Philippines

Dabu, I. M., Lim, J. J., Arabit, P. M. T., Orense, S. J. A. B., Tabardillo, J. A., Corre, V. L. and Maningas, M. B. B. (2015), The first record of acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease in the Philippines. Aquaculture Research. doi: 10.1111/are.12923

Research Center for the Natural Sciences, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines

Brackishwater Aquaculture Center, Institute of Aquaculture, College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of the Philippines Visayas, Iloilo, Philippines

Department of Biological Science, College of Science, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines

*Correspondence: M B B Maningas, Molecular and Biotechnology Laboratory Rm.405, Thomas Aquinas Research Complex, University of Santo Tomas, España, Manila 1008, Philippines. E-mail: (or)

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Melon growers back biosecurity and R&D levy

Melon growers give green light to funding for Biosecurity and Research & Development

Melon growers have voted overwhelmingly in favour of proposals to establish grower levies for Biosecurity and R&D in a move that will underpin the industries long term viability.

Two thirds of growers voted yes to implementation of the levies, allowing a business case to go forward to the Minister for Agriculture and Water Resources for approval. It is anticipated that the levy will commence in July 2016.

The Australian Melon Association (AMA) Chairman, Mark Daunt, said that it was a positive step for growers and the future of the melon industry. The Association is very pleased that our growers have decided to set up levies that will provide funds for the future and ensure that the melon industry is covered under the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed if another exotic incursion should occur , Mr Daunt said.

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New ISA Outbreak Reported in Aysén Region -

CHILE - Sernapesca has confirmed a new outbreak of Infectious Salmon Anaemia (ISA) at a salmon farm in the Aysén region.

As part of ongoing ISA surveillance, the HPR 2D variant of the virus was detected in a cage belonging to Blumar Salmon, located in the Ninualac canal, north of the island Melchor.

Jose Miguel Burgos, National Director of Sernapesca, noted: "The company is taking all available measures to prevent the spread of the virus. Weekly monitoring has also been established in the farming center to evaluate their progress and the safeguarding biosafety procedures."

Harvesting of the cage will begin today under the strict supervision of the Sernapesca.

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