Industry

United States: Walsh hopeful livestock disease bill will pass

U.S. Sen. John Walsh said he’s optimistic the Senate will approve by year’s end a $5 million plan to study brucellosis and other livestock diseases.

Meeting with ranchers in Billings on Friday, Walsh said the study proposal, titled the American Livestock Protection and Ranching Opportunity Act has the support among members of the Senate Agriculture Committee, which will be focused on improving the rollout of the 2014 farm bill and tying up loose ends.

The livestock proposal funds brucellosis research, bans beef from countries that haven’t been certified free of foot and mouth disease, and subsidizes feed costs for ranchers in the Greater Yellowstone Area during brucellosis quarantine.

Banana-geddon: World's bananas under threat from bugs and spreading fungus

Banana fungus threaten the global supply of one of America's favorite
snack.iStock

One country has already declared it a national emergency and alarm bells are
ringing for banana lovers.

But banana-geddon is very real and fruit fans everywhere are fearing for the
future supplies of the popular global snack.

Already under massive threat due to plagues of bugs, scientists now fear a
fungal infection could be making its way around the world and into banana
plantations.

Losses of 50 percent: Honduras activate your alert HLB - Tucuman Citrus Association - Tucumán - Argentina

By the rapid spread of the plague known as Huanglongbing (HLB), which has already affected 65% of the farms in the country and caused the loss of 40% of citrus production nationwide, producers ask government authorities to decree a state of emergency.

About 23 thousand hectares nationwide are for growing oranges, lemons and tangerines.

Each year in the country more than 100 thousand tons of these fruits are produced and are then exported to Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Venezuela and the Caribbean.

However, the rapid spread of the plague involves a significant decrease in shipments, in addition to huge losses for the sector.

In 2013, the producers presented to the plenary of the National Congress (NC) a project to declare a state of emergency to grower sector but say the document was never reviewed.

Dramatic downturn in gulf oyster harvests since BP oil spill - WFSB 3 Connecticut - WFSB

PASS CHRISTIAN, MS (WLOX) -

Mississippi fishermen harvested nearly 400,000 sacks of oysters in the season before the BP oil spill. Since the spill in 2010, the "best" oyster season has been just 78,000 sacks. Those figures go along with a new report which finds the overall gulf oyster harvest has dropped dramatically since the oil spill.

Longtime fisherman Billy Barnett fills a dockside order for fresh shrimp. This summer's shrimp season has been a strong one for Mississippi fishermen. "Usually they don't last this long, this good," said Barnett, as he sorted medium and large sized gulf shrimp.

But while the shrimp harvest is looking fine, it's a much different story for oysters. Disappointing and mediocre are words heard to describe the last oyster season. "It was alright the first two weeks. And then after that it went down, real bad. I don't think there will be a next year really. Might last the opening week," said Barnett.

Huanglongbing in Argentina

If something has no cure, the only solution is prevention ... but something was not done right

The HLB is on the table for discussion. It is not possible that this disease is neglected. It is not possible for those who must make decisions deviate sight. But the issue is hardly new. The disease Huanglongbing (HLB, or Greening, or ex Greening) was first described in China in 1943, but was detected in Brazil, Sao Paulo State, in February 2004, and there began the warnings in the region, we agree , were not heard as it should be.

The disease is not harmful to humans but is deadly for infected plants, so from the beginning it was suggested that the only way to avoid it was prevention.

Futures File: OJ sinks, wheat climbs

The cost of a balanced breakfast continues to get cheaper as orange juice prices plummet. US demand for orange juice has fallen to the lowest level in over a decade as consumers snub OJ for other beverages, dropping prices near the lowest level for the year.

Despite the sour demand outlook, some analysts point to a relative shortage of oranges, especially in Florida, which is poised to have its smallest harvest in nearly 30 years. Florida is home to 70 percent of US orange production and has been struggling in recent years due to a plant disease known as citrus greening that causes the trees to prematurely drop fruit.

Meanwhile, weather watchers continue to monitor the Atlantic for hurricanes, which can damage groves if they make landfall. So far, no major storms have hit Florida during this year's heretofore mild hurricane season.

As of midday Friday, frozen concentrated orange juice futures, traded in New York, were worth $1.38 per pound.

Lentil growers access new emergency chemical

Lentil and chick pea growers have been granted emergency access to a chemical to control aphids.

The nation's chemical regulator the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicine Authority has allowed the use of pirimicarb to try and stop beet western yellows virus spreading from canola to pulse crops via aphids.

Audio: Gordon Cumming from Pulse Australia says growers have emergency access to an insecticide (ABC Rural)

"We're concerned about those aphids moving out of canola crops and into broadleaf crops, the pulse crops, so things like faba beans, field peas, lentils, those sorts of crops where we have a very limited choice of products.

"They are much older products and with a history of insecticide resistance, we needed another alternative, and hence the emergency use permit for pirimicarb."

F. columnare - Flavobacterium columnare PCR Detection Kit

Flavobacterium columnare is a thin Gram-negative rod bacterium of the genus Flavobacterium. Fish with columnaris usually have brown to yellowish-brown lesions (sores) on their gills, skin and/or fins. The bacteria attach to the gill surface, grow in spreading patches, and eventually cover individual gill filaments. This results in cell death. A characteristic lesion produced by columnaris is a pale white band encircling the body, often referred to as saddleback condition. As the infection progresses, a yellowish-brown ulcer often is found in the center of the saddle. VetPCR F. columnare Detection Kit is the direct detection of Flavobacterium columnare on the basis of a genetic database, so it can diagnose very fast and accurately. It can amplify only specific gene using the PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) method, and take only 3 hours for detection. Therefore, it is a very fast, accurate and reliable technique.

Ready to use : only DNA template and D.W. are needed Easy and speed protocol Stable for 1 year at -20ºC Time-saving and cost-effective

Key oyster producing area shut down by state - KING5.com

SAMISH BAY, Wash. -- Shellfish have sustained the Blau family for five generations. "It's a good clean life," said 73-year-old Paul Blau, whose grandfather started the family farm in 1935. "It's a lot of hard work." But that "good clean life" is increasingly sullied by dirty waters. Bacteria in Samish Bay has forced a state shutdown of the critical summer oyster harvest. It threatens to sink half of the family’s summertime catch this year. Samish Bay is the third biggest shellfish producer in Puget Sound, shipping the product around the world. Northwesterners love raw oysters, especially in the summer, but now those from Samish Bay are off limits. Farms affected by the bacteria can still sell the oysters, but they must be labeled "cook only." For the Blaus, the expected drop in business could mean layoffs and a 10% loss in income this year. "There’s nothing we can do about it," said Blau. "What’s gonna happen is gonna happen." Farmers say shutdowns like this used to be rare. Now they happen about once per year. "It's really hurting us," said Steven Blau, Paul's son.

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